Vitamins, Chemical names , and Deficiency Diseases

Vitamins, Chemical names , and Deficiency Diseases 



Vitamin Name
Chemical Name
Food source
Deficiency Disease
Vitamin A
Retinol
Cod liver oil
Night blindness, Keratomalacia
Vitamin B1
Thiamine
Rice bran
Beriberi, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome

Vitamin B2
Riboflavin
Eggs
Ariboflavinosis
Vitamin B3
Niacin, niacinamide
Liver
Pellagra
Vitamin B5
Pantothenic acid
Liver
Paresthesia
Vitamin B6
Pyridoxine
Rice bran
Anemia, peripheral neuropathy.
Vitamin B7
Biotin
Liver
Dermatitis, enteritis
Vitamin B9
Folic acid, folinic acid
Liver
Deficiency during pregnancy is associated with birth defects, such as neural tube defects
Vitamin B12
Cyanocobalamin, hydroxycobalamin, methylcobalamin
Liver
Megaloblastic anemia
Vitamin C
Ascorbic acid
Lemons
Scurvy
Vitamin D
Ergocalciferol, cholecalciferol
Cod liver oil
Rickets and Osteomalacia
Vitamin E
Tocopherols, tocotrienols
Wheat germ oil and liver
Sterility, Deficiency is very rare; mild hemolytic anemia in newborn infants
Vitamin K
phylloquinone, menaquinones
Alfalfa
Hemophilia, Bleeding diathesis



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