BHARAT RATNA

BHARAT RATNA
1954

1. C Rajagopalachari - Independence activist, last Governor-General
2.C. V. Raman - Physicist
3.S. Radhakrishnan - Philosopher, second President

1955

4. Bhagwan Das - Independence activist, author
5. M Visvesvarayya - Civil engineer, Diwan of Mysore
6. Jawaharlal Nehru - Independence activist, author, first Prime Minister

1957

7.Govind Ballabh Pant - Independence activist, Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh 

1958

8.Dhondo Keshav Karve - Educator, social reformer

1961

9.Bidhan Chandra Roy - Physician, Chief Minister of West Bengal
10.Purushottam Das Tandon - Independence activist, educator

1962

11.Rajendra Prasad - Independence activist, jurist, first President

1963

12.Zakir Hussain - Scholar, third President
13.Pandurang Vaman Kane - Indologist and Sanskrit scholar

1966

14. Lal Bahadur Shastri Posthumous, independence activist, second Prime Minister

1971

15. Indira Gandhi Fourth Prime Minister

1975

16. V. V. Giri Trade unionist and fourth President

1976

17. K. Kamaraj Posthumous, independence activist, Chief Minister of Madras State

1980

18. Mother Teresa Catholic nun, founder of the Missionaries of Charity

1983

19. Vinoba Bhave Posthumous, social reformer, independence activist

1987

20. Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan First non-citizen, independence activist

1988

21. M. G. Ramachandran - Posthumous, film actor, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu

1990

22. B. R. Ambedkar Posthumous, chief architect of the Indian Constitution, politician, economist, and scholar
23. Nelson Mandela Second non-citizen and first non-Indian recipient, Leader of the Anti-Apartheid movement

1991

24. Rajiv Gandhi Posthumous, Seventh Prime Minister
25. Vallabhbhai Patel Posthumous, independence activist, first Home Minister
26. Morarji Desai Independence activist, fifth Prime Minister

1992

27. Abul Kalam Azad Posthumous, independence activist, first Minister of Education
28. J. R. D. Tata Industrialist and philanthropist
29. Satyajit Ray Bengali filmmaker

1997

30. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam Aeronautical Engineer,11th President of India
31. Gulzarilal Nanda Independence activist, interim Prime Minister
32. Aruna Asaf Ali Posthumous, independence activist

1998

33. M. S. Subbulakshmi Classical Carnatic singer
34. Chidambaram Subramaniam Independence activist, Minister of Agriculture

1999

35.Jayaprakash Narayan Posthumous, independence activist and politician
36. Ravi Shankar Sitar player
37. Amartya Sen Economist
38. Gopinath Bordoloi Posthumous, independence activist, Chief Minister of Assam

2001

39.Lata Mangeshkar - Playback singer
40.Bismillah Khan - Hindustani classical shehnai player

2008

41.Bhimsen Joshi -Hindustani classical singer

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